New Implant Advancement Hopes to Lower Risk of Infection

By: KU Leuven, Oral Health Group

😀 New research has developed a dental implant that can gradually release drugs from a built-in reservoir which helps prevent and fight infections:

Visit our website to learn more about dental implants: http://buff.ly/2eYfjKE. The Oral Surgery DC Team

A multidisciplinary team of researchers at KU Leuven (University of Leuven, Belgium) has developed a dental implant that gradually releases drugs from a built-in reservoir. This helps prevent and fight infections.

Our mouth contains many micro-organisms, including bacterial and fungal pathogens. On traditional dental implants, these pathogens can quickly form a so-called biofilm, which is resistant to antimicrobial drugs like antibiotics. As a result, these implants come with a significant risk of infections that may be difficult to treat.

KU Leuven researchers have now developed a new dental implant that reduces the risk of infections. “Our implant has a built-in reservoir underneath the crown of the tooth,” explains lead author Kaat De Cremer. “A cover screw makes it easy to fill this reservoir with antimicrobial drugs (see image 1). The implant is made of a porous composite material so that the drugs gradually diffuse from the reservoir to the outside of the implant, which is in direct contact with the bone cells (see image 2). As a result, the bacteria can no longer form a biofilm.”

To view the full story, please click here.

Article from: https://www.oralhealthgroup.com/news/new-implant-advancement-hopes-lower-risk-infection-1003926159/

 

Can You Get Through This Post Without Wanting To Brush Your Teeth?

By: Kelly Oakes, BuzzFeed

😏 CHALLENGE: Try getting through this disturbing article without wanting to brush your teeth! The Oral Surgery DC Team

Here’s what your teeth look like up close and personal with a scanning electron microscope.

This is a calcium phosphate crystal, the stuff that makes up your tooth enamel.

Here’s some plaque forming bacteria, magnified 1000 times. It really likes to hang out on your teeth.

See: here’s the surface of a human tooth. Bacteria is coloured blue, red blood cells are red.

When you let the bacteria stick around, plaque starts to form.

Brushing can keep the plaque at bay. This is a single bristle from a used toothbrush.

And another.

Here’s the bristles of an interdental brush covered in plaque.

Some more of that lovely plaque-forming bacteria that forms on your teeth. Super cute and cuddly!

It just wants to be your friend.

 It just wants to be your friend.

Look away now if you’re squeamish. This is a tooth with a cavity.

And don’t forget about your gums. These are the bacteria that live in them.

Brb brushing my teeth.

Article from: http://buff.ly/2h8dUN3

 

New material used in molar extraction sites optimizes bone regeneration and dental implant stability

By: Journal of Oral Implantology

🤓 [Good to know]: New material used in molar extraction sites optimizes bone regeneration & dental implant stability. Curious to learn more? The Oral Surgery DC Team

Journal of Oral Implantology – Dental surgery is a difficult, painful process no matter what the procedure, but having a tooth extracted and an implant put in months later can result in major complications. The longer you wait for the implant, the greater the likelihood that formation of scar tissue or shifting of teeth will occur to compensate for the loss of the extracted tooth; this can cause problems when it is time to insert the new implant.

Great advancements in dental surgery have been made to assist with bone and tissue regeneration so that when it is time to insert the implant, the extraction site has been stabilized and a graft performed to protect the integrity of the site. The article “Guided Bone Regeneration for Socket Preservation in Molar Extraction Sites: Histomorphometric and 3D Computerized Tomography Analysis” in the Journal of Oral Implantology introduces a new, more advanced method for this regeneration that prevents infection and maximizes bone regeneration.

The most commonly used treatment for post-extraction regeneration has been a combination of acellular dermis matrix (ADM), a type of bone regenerating material that uses cadaveric tissue with all of the cells removed, and different grafting procedures. However, there has been no solid histologic data or microscopic tissue samples to prove that this regeneration is working properly.

This case series examines a new ADM replacement material called decellularized dermis matrix (DDM) that, combined with mineralized bone grafts called mineralized cancellous bone allograft (MCAB), guides the regeneration of bone to allow for a more stable placement of the implant. This method has a higher regeneration percentage and supports a more stable future implant site than previous therapies.

Tissue samples were examined both microscopically and using 3D imaging. Valuable surgery preparation time was saved using DDM, which can be stored fully hydrated, and the material was easy to handle and adapted well to the shape of extraction-site defects. A minimum of 12 weeks post extraction, the study found that none of the molar extractions had developed infections. A loss of bone volume was also prevented, allowing for optimal implant placement and stability. These results demonstrate the value of DDM and MCAB in preparing molar extraction sites to support implant placement.

Full text of the article, “Guided Bone Regeneration for Socket Preservation in Molar Extraction Sites: Histomorphometric and 3D Computerized Tomography Analysis,” Journal of Oral Implantology, Vol. 39, No. 4, 2013, is available here.

Article from: http://buff.ly/2q7g9WY

5 FOODS FOR HEALTHIER GUMS

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By: Listerine

🐮 Beyond just limiting the sugary sweets and harsh acidic foods in your diet, incorporate foods that are good for your gums, too! The Oral Surgery DC Team

Routine brushing, flossing, and rinsing keep your mouth in good health. And while you need these powerful weapons in your bacteria-fighting arsenal, you could always use reinforcement. Beyond limiting the sugary sweets and harsh acidic foods in your diet, there are foods that are good for your gums.

A Better Way to Add Flavor

Ginger root is considered a healing herb. With its anti-inflammatory properties, ginger promotes healthy tissue in your mouth.

Keep More Than the Doctor Away

Eating an apple can take a while. And that’s a good thing for your mouth. The munching action spurs a cleansing action that shakes up the plaque that clings to gums and teeth. Stock up on apples, but be sure to rinse with mouthwash afterward. Even healthy foods like apples can expose your mouth to acids.

Got Milk in Your Diet?

Milk and other dairy foods such as cheese and yogurt are not only packed with bone-fortifying calcium, but also with the protein casein, which research suggests reduce acid levels in the mouth. In addition, drinking milk can neutralize acids produced by plaque bacteria. Note: Drinking milk with cereal or dessert doesn’t have the same benefit as direct consumption after eating. No milk around? Eat a piece of cheese instead.

Load Up on Leafy Greens

It’s no secret that salad greens pack an all-around healthy punch, but they’re also especially successful at keeping mouths clean because they’re fiber-packed, meaning they require serious chewing to break down. The extra saliva produced by chewing neutralizes mouth bacteria. High-fiber, stringy foods like raw spinach, celery, and even cooked beans offer this benefit.

Zap Bacteria, Layer by Layer

The raw onion is a potent bacteria-fighting food. Yes, bad breath is the enemy. But that’s why sugarless gum and mouthwash were created. Onions have an antimicrobial ingredient that kills bacteria, and, according to one study, completely wipes out four bacteria strains that lead to gum disease and cavities. Sliver them and toss the strips in your salad, on your sandwich and burger or in soups and stews.

Article Source: http://buff.ly/2hdWi7Z

A Year of Oral Health Guidance in Review

By David Cavano, Dental Health

Summer is here! Here’s some oral health guidance from the past year to help you understand what new information is available and which tried-and-true practices still stand. The Oral Surgery DC Team

Sometimes it is hard to keep up with all of the new guidance about our health. What we were told yesterday is healthy, is now unhealthy today. Here, I have distilled down some of the oral health guidance from the past year so you can understand what new information is available and which tried-and-true practices still stand.

Toss Teething Tablets

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has warned against the use of homeopathic teething tabs and drops that contain belladonna. An FDA Press Release instructed consumers not to use Hyland’s teething products and to dispose of any in their possession. Hyland’s Teething Tablets are manufactured to contain a small amount of belladonna, a substance that can cause serious harm at larger doses. FDA laboratory analysis has discovered that Hyland’s Teething Tablets contain inconsistent amounts of belladonna.

Safe teething relief strategies to try: Gently massage areas near erupting teeth using a clean finger. Cool objects may provide relief, so consider chilled (not frozen) washcloths, a semi-frozen banana or a commercial teething ring. Make certain teething rings are of one-piece construction, free of painted surfaces, and sufficiently large to avoid choking.

Weigh the Risks and Benefits of General Anesthesia and Sedation Drug Use in Children

In January 2017, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) responded to the  FDA warning on general anesthesia and sedation drug use in children. This warning includes the possibility of developmental problems associated with the repeated or prolonged use of anesthetics in children younger than 3 years of age. The FDA advisory committee has been reporting about the concerns regarding anesthesia in young children since 2007 and aims to increase awareness in providers enabling the provision of education for families and subsequently informed consent.

Section and AAP Leadership worked together, along with several other societies, to form a response to this warning. These groups have reviewed recent controlled trials in humans as well as multiple epidemiological studies of large populations that demonstrate no developmental problems in children exposed to a single, short anesthetic or sedation. The response cautions parents and providers of the risks of delaying needed surgery and diagnostic procedures and suggests weighing the risks and benefits of each contemplated procedure.

Use Fluoride Toothpaste in Young Children

The AAP, American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD), and the American Dental Association (ADA) all agree that fluoride toothpaste should be used for all children, regardless of age. Upon arrival of the first primary tooth, parents should begin using a grain-of-rice sized amount of fluoridated toothpaste regardless of both water fluoride content and cavities risk status. Brushing is advised twice daily, ideally after a morning meal and always prior to bedtime.

Use Toothpaste to Deliver Fluoride, Not to Remove Plaque

December 2016 Journal of Clinical Periodontology. Toothpaste does not provide an added effect for the mechanical removal of dental plaque. However, toothpaste use should continue as it promotes oral health as a delivery system for fluoride and antimicrobials.

All Children Should Receive Fluoride Varnish Application

All children, regardless of risk may receive fluoride varnish applications in the primary care setting. The frequency of application is dependent upon the compliance with the use of a dental home as well as cavities-risk.

Recent studies published in the September 2016 Journal of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry continue to demonstrate the safety of fluoride varnish, concluding that biannual fluoride varnish application in preschoolers is not associated with the occurrence of any level of fluorosis in permanent maxillary incisors.

Drink Water with Fluoride

In 2017, community water fluoridation programs continue to be the most effective and affordable way to prevent dental caries in children and adults. Although there were no new recommendations this year, we must all continue to advocate for this practice and recommend that our patients and their families drink water with fluoride for cavity-protection.

While the above is not a comprehensive listing of all professional guidance around oral health, they may well be the most important messages to share during National Children’s Dental Health Month and throughout the year.

Article from: http://buff.ly/2vVlZgP