What to do to keep gums healthy

 

Practicing good oral hygiene is the most important action that a person can take to prevent and treat gum disease. Most people tend to overlook their gums when it comes to oral health and focus on getting a bright, white smile instead. However, healthy teeth require healthy gums.

Here are tips from Medical News Today on how to keep your gums healthy! The Oral Surgery DC Team

 

Gum disease can lead to tooth loss. Fortunately, a person can take many steps to prevent and even reverse gum disease. These include:

  • brushing the teeth properly
  • choosing the right toothpaste
  • flossing daily
  • taking care when rinsing out the mouth
  • using mouthwash
  • having regular dental checkups
  • stopping smoking

This article examines how these step can help keep the gums healthy. We also provide diet tips for healthy gums and explain how to spot the signs of gum disease.

7 ways to keep the gums healthy

Adopting the following habits will help a person care for their teeth and gums properly, which, in turn, will help prevent gum disease.

1. Brush the teeth properly

Brushing the teeth properly is key to having a healthy mouth and gums. The American Dental Association (ADA) recommend that people follow the guidelines below:

  • Brush at least twice a day using a soft-bristle toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste.
  • Replace the toothbrush every 3 to 4 months, or sooner if the bristles begin to fray.
  • Brush the teeth at a 45-degree angle to the gums.
  • Move the toothbrush in short strokes.
  • Press gently.
  • Clean the insides of the front teeth by turning the brush vertically and making several short strokes along each tooth.

2. Choose the right toothpaste

The toothpaste aisle in most stores will contain many varieties of toothpaste, from whitening products to formulas containing baking soda.

When choosing toothpaste, a person should ensure that it contains fluoride and has the ADA seal of approval on the packaging.

3. Floss daily

Many people neglect daily flossing, but the ADA recognize this habit as an important part of oral care.

Flossing removes food and plaque from between the teeth and gums. If the food and plaque remain in these areas, this can lead to tartar, which is a hard buildup of bacteria that only a dentist can remove. Tartar can lead to gum disease.

4. Rinse your mouth out with care

Many people rinse their mouth out after brushing their teeth. However, oral hygiene practices should complement the effectiveness of fluoride products, such as toothpaste.

When a person washes their mouth out with water after brushing their teeth with fluoride toothpaste, they wash away the fluoride.

Conversely, when a person rinses their mouth out after eating, they may rinse away food and bacteria that can lead to plaque and tartar.

5. Use mouthwash

According to the ADA, there are two types of mouthwash: therapeutic and cosmetic. Both are available over the counter.

A therapeutic mouthwash can help:

  • prevent gum disease
  • reduce the speed at which tartar builds up
  • reduce the amount of plaque on the teeth
  • remove food particles from the mouth

However, people should not use mouthwash as a replacement for brushing and flossing.

A person should look for the ADA seal. This seal indicates that the manufacturer has demonstrated enough evidence to support the product’s safety and effectiveness.

The ADA state that children under the age of 6 years should not use mouthwash.

6. Get regular dental checkups

Dental checkups typically include a professional cleaning of the mouth. Professional cleaning is the only way to remove tartar from the teeth. Professional cleaning can also help eliminate the plaque that a person may have missed when brushing their teeth.

With regular visits, a dentist can help identify the early signs of gum disease and gingivitis, a condition in which the gums become inflamed. Early detection can help prevent more severe problems from occurring.

7. Stop smoking

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), smoking makes a person more susceptible to gum disease because it weakens the immune system.

The CDC recommend quitting smoking immediately to help reduce the risk of developing gum disease. The use of other tobacco products can also increase a person’s risk.

Diet tips

What a person eats can directly affect the health of their teeth and gums. Different foods can have a positive or negative impact on gum health.

Some of the foods that people should incorporate into their diet include:

  • high-fiber fruits and vegetables, as these can help clean out the mouth
  • black and green teas, which help reduce bacteria
  • dairy products, such as milk, cheese, and yogurt, as these foods help increase saliva production
  • foods that contain fluoride, which include water and some poultry and seafood products
  • sugar-free gum, as chewing it will increase saliva production

It is best to avoid the following foods and beverages:

  • carbonated soft drinks that contain phosphoric and citric acids as well as sugar
  • alcohol, as it can dry out the mouth
  • sticky candies and sweets that stay in the mouth for a while
  • starchy foods that can become stuck in the teeth

 

Signs and symptoms of unhealthy gums

People should be aware of the signs and symptoms of gum disease. Most gum disease starts with mild symptoms, but it can progress over time.

Gingivitis is the mildest form of gum disease. People with gingivitis may have red, swollen gums that bleed easily. They may also have chronic bad breath.

Most people with gingivitis do not experience any pain or tooth loosening. A person can treat and reverse gingivitis with good oral hygiene and dental care.

Over time, untreated gingivitis can lead to periodontitis. Periodontitis occurs when plaque and tartar spread below the gumline.

The bacteria in the plaque irritate the gums and trigger an inflammatory response, causing the body to destroy the tissues and bone that support the teeth

As periodontitis progresses, this damage worsens, leading to deepening pockets of space between the teeth and the connective tissues.

Periodontitis does not always cause symptoms initially. However, people may notice the following symptoms as the disease progresses:

  • receding gums, which can make the teeth appear longer
  • loose teeth
  • pus between the teeth or at the gumline
  • chronic bad breath
  • bleeding gums
  • red, puffy gums

Risk factors to avoid

Several risk factors can increase a person’s chances of getting gum disease. Some of these, such as aging, a person cannot control or avoid.

According to the American Academy of Periodontology, the following are some of the most common risk factors for developing gum disease:

Some diseases that affect the body’s inflammatory system can also increase the risk of gum disease. These diseases include diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and rheumatoid arthritis.

 

When to see a dentist

A person should see their dentist if they experience bleeding or pain in their gums that lasts for longer than a week. Swollen and red gums that bleed easily are a symptom of gum disease.

Some other signs and symptoms to look for include:

  • gums that pull back from the teeth
  • gums that bleed easily
  • swollen, red gums
  • sensitive teeth
  • teeth that feel loose in the mouth
  • pain while chewing
  • dentures no longer fitting correctly

 

Summary

Gum disease can lead to tooth loss. However, most people can prevent gum disease by adopting proper oral hygiene practices.

Steps to take include brushing the teeth regularly with fluoride toothpaste, flossing, and taking care when rinsing out the mouth. ADA-approved fluoride toothpaste is available to purchase online.

Simple at-home oral care and dental checkups can help prevent and reverse gum disease. If a person begins to show any of the signs of gum disease, such as pain in the gums that lasts for longer than a week, they should see their dentist.

 

Source: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/323534.php

 

Does teething cause a baby to vomit?

 

By:

 

Vomiting and fever may sometimes accompany teething. Teething is a normal part of a child’s development that may cause some discomfort. However, it is unlikely that teething is a direct cause of vomiting. The Medical News Today shares other possible causes of vomiting and discusses how to relieve the symptoms of teething. The Oral Surgery DC team

Teething is a natural process that every infant goes through. It can be an uncomfortable experience, and it can be concerning for parents and caregivers to see the infant experiencing pain and discomfort.

The symptoms of teething vary from one infant to another. Some babies do not have any symptoms at all when their teeth come in. Others may become mildly irritable, begin to drool, lose their appetite, or cry more than usual. In some cases, vomiting and fever can accompany teething.

Many people believe that vomiting while teething is normal. However, most experts now agree that teething does not cause generalized symptoms, such as vomiting, fever, rash, and diarrhea.

The caregivers of infants who experience vomiting when teething should visit a doctor or pediatrician to determine the underlying cause of this symptom.

What is teething?

Teething occurs when an infant’s teeth first begin to break through the gums. This typically takes place between the ages of 6 and 12 months.

The two front teeth on the lower jaw usually appear first, with the other front teeth following. Molars are next to break through in most cases, with the canines arriving last.

By the age of 3 years, children usually have their full set of 20 baby teeth.

As it takes place over such a broad timespan, parents and caregivers often attribute many symptoms to teething. However, it is more likely that another condition, such as an infection, is causing these additional symptoms.

It can be helpful to understand which symptoms are normal and which are not when it comes to teething.

Typical symptoms of teething include:

  • chewing on objects
  • crying more than usual
  • mild difficulty sleeping
  • drooling more than usual
  • fussiness
  • loss of appetite
  • red, sore, tender, or swollen gums
  • a slight rise in body temperature (not over 101°F)

Research suggests that the symptoms of teething peak as the front teeth appear, which tends to occur between 6 and 16 months of age. As children get older, they are likely to experience fewer and milder symptoms when new teeth come through.

Teething does not typically cause the following symptoms:

  • congestion
  • a cough
  • diarrhea
  • high fever
  • increased number of stools
  • rash
  • refusal of liquids
  • vomiting

 

Source: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/322987.php

What Anglo Saxon teeth can tell us about modern health

 

By: University of Bradford, Science Daily

 

Evidence from the teeth of Anglo Saxon children could help identify modern children most at risk from conditions such as obesity, diabetes, and heart disease. Learn more about these critical findings via ScienceDaily. The Oral Surgery DC Team

 

Researchers from the University of Bradford found that analysis of milk teeth of children’s skeletons from a 10th Century site in Northamptonshire, England, gave a more reliable indicator of the effects of diet and health than bone.

The study, published today, 6 September 2018, in the American Journal of Physical Anthropology, shows that by analysing dentine from the milk teeth of the Anglo Saxon children, a picture emerges of the development of these children from the third trimester of pregnancy onwards, and is a proxy indicator of the health of the mothers. This is the first time that secure in utero data has been measured.

The skeletons analysed at the University of Bradford come from a settlement at Raunds Furnells and are from a group known to have been under nourished. The effect of this under nourishment, or stress, is to limit the growth of bones. This can limit the evidence available from analysis of bones alone, such as age.

Researchers were also able to look at children of different ages to see whether those who survived the first 1,000 days from conception, during which factors such as height are set, had different biomarkers for stress than those who died during this high-risk period.

Teeth, unlike bone, continue to grow under such stress and, unlike bone, record high nitrogen values. This evidence gives a clearer picture of what is happening to the child from before birth. The teeth are, in effect, acting as an archive of diet and health of both the child and mother.

Dr Julia Beaumont, of the University of Bradford’s School of Archaeological and Forensic Sciences, said: “This is the first time that we have been able to measure with confidence the in utero nitrogen values of dentine. We find that when bone and teeth form at the same time, bone doesn’t record high nitrogen values that occur during stress. Our hypothesis is that bone isn’t growing but teeth are. So archaeology can’t rely on the evidence from bones alone because bone is not forming and recording during high stress and we can’t be sure, for example, of the age of a skeleton. Teeth are more reliable as they continue to grow even when a child is starving.”

As well as the archaeological significance of this method of analysis, Dr Beaumont believes it has a direct application to modern medicine.

She said: “There is a growing consensus that factors such as low birthweight have a significant impact on our likelihood of developing conditions such as heart disease, diabetes and obesity and that the first 1,000 days from conception onwards set our ‘template’. By analysing the milk teeth of modern children in the same way as the Anglo Saxon skeletons, we can measure the same values and see the risk factors they are likely to face in later life, enabling measures to be taken to mitigate such risks.”

 

Source: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/09/180906123403.htm

Why is the roof of my mouth swollen?

 

By: Jenna Fletcher, Medical News Today

 

Many conditions may cause a swollen roof of the mouth, including sores, dehydration, and mucus buildups. In this article via Medical News Today, learn about six causes of a swollen roof of the mouth, and possible treatment or home remedies. The Oral Surgery DC Team

 

The roof of the mouth consists of a bony plate at the front and a non-bone, soft section at the back. Together, these serve as a barrier between the oral and nasal cavities. From time to time, the roof of the mouth may become swollen.

Swelling on the roof of the mouth may be due to several potential causes, most of which will resolve with minimal treatment. In less common cases, the swelling may be due to a more serious condition.

Other symptoms may accompany the swelling, including:

  • blisters or other sores
  • dry mouth
  • muscle spasms
  • pain or discomfort

Read on to learn about the possible causes of swelling on the roof of the mouth.

Causes

A range of conditions can cause a swollen roof of the mouth, including:

1. Sores in the mouth

Most common mouth sores, such as canker sores and cold sores, will appear on the gums, cheeks, or lips. In some cases, they may appear on the roof of the mouth.

Sores can cause pain, blisters, and swelling. Some people may notice pain or swelling before the sore appears.

2. Injury or trauma

One of the most common causes of swelling on the roof of the mouth is an injury or trauma. Some of the most common causes of trauma include:

  • eating a hard food that may impact the roof of the mouth
  • eating or drinking an extremely hot item
  • a scratch from a sharp piece of food

3. Dehydration

Dehydration can cause swelling on the roof of the mouth. Dehydration can cause a dry mouth, which can result in swelling if a person does not take steps to relieve the condition.

Some common causes of dehydration and dry mouth include:

  • excessive alcohol intake
  • certain medications
  • not drinking enough water
  • excessive sweating, particularly on hot days or while exercising
  • illness

A person with dehydration that causes an electrolyte imbalance may also feel especially weak or experience muscle spasms.

 

Source: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/323028.php

What causes a bump on the roof of the mouth?

 

By: Elaine K. Luo, MD, Medical News Today

 

A bump on the roof of the mouth can be worrisome, especially if it does not go away quickly. Most causes of a bump on this part of the body are easily treatable, but it may also indicate a more serious underlying condition.

Can it be the reason to see our dentist now? More insights via Medical News Today! The Oral Surgery DC Team

 

In this article, learn what can cause a bump on the roof of the mouth, including possible additional symptoms and when to see a doctor.

1. Canker sores

Canker sores can appear on the roof of the mouth.

Canker sores are round, open sores in the mouth. They may be white, yellow, or pale pink and are very sensitive.

Canker sores are most common in the cheeks and gums, but they can also appear in unusual places, such as the roof of the mouth.

There are various causes of canker sores, including biting the cheek while chewing and scratching the roof of the mouth.

These sores usually resolve within a couple of weeks. They are not contagious, but they can be painful or uncomfortable and may make eating difficult.

Some over-the-counter (OTC) or prescription oral creams may numb the pain.

2. Burns

Hot beverages, such as coffee or tea, or foods that have just finished cooking can burn the inside of the mouth, including the roof. If the burn is severe enough, a bump or blister can form.

Minor burns usually heal without treatment, as long as the person takes care to avoid irritating the sensitive skin.

3. Trauma or injury

The inside of the mouth is a sensitive area. Injury to the tissue on the roof of the mouth can lead to a bump forming.

This type of bump may result from:

  • puncture wounds
  • cuts
  • damage to the mouth from tobacco use
  • accidents from dental work
  • irritation from dentures

An injury may cause scar tissue to form in the mouth, which might be lumpy and raised. The sore may be painful or sensitive but will usually heal on its own.

Regularly rinsing the mouth with warm salt water may help promote healing.

4. Cold sores

Cold sores occur when a person has a herpes simplex virus outbreak. The virus produces blisters on the lips and in the mouth. They may also form on the roof of the mouth.

The signs and symptoms of cold sores may include:

  • a tingling sensation before the blisters appear
  • blisters that form in patches or clusters
  • oozing or open blisters that do not rupture
  • blisters that do rupture and crust over before healing

Unlike canker sores, cold sores are very contagious. The outbreak usually clears up without treatment, but it is important to avoid coming into close contact with anyone during that time to prevent spreading the virus.

A doctor may prescribe some medications to speed up the healing process if necessary.

5. Mucoceles

Mucoceles are oral mucous cysts that form due to an irritated or inflamed salivary gland. Mucus builds up in the gland, leading to a round, fluid-filled bump or growth.

Mucoceles are not usually a cause for concern and will heal without treatment, although this may take several weeks.

6. Torus palatinus

A very hard lump on the roof of the mouth may be a sign of torus palatinus. Torus palatinus is an extra bone growth that is benign and not indicative of an underlying condition.

The growth can appear at any age, and it may continue to grow throughout a person’s life. It will not usually require treatment unless it affects a person’s ability to eat, drink, or talk.

7. Candidiasis

Oral candidiasis can cause white bumps in the mouth.

 

Oral candidiasis is a form of yeast infection that may cause red or white bumps in the mouth.

It is vital to see a doctor or dentist for a proper diagnosis of oral candidiasis, as the symptoms may mimic those of other conditions.

A doctor is likely to recommend oral antifungal medication to treat the issue. They will also provide advice on how to prevent the infection in the future.

8. Hand, foot, and mouth disease

Coxsackievirus is the name of the virus that causes hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD). The virus infects the mouth, causing painful blisters and red bumps.

As the name suggests, the symptoms may also appear on the hands and feet. Other symptoms include fever and body aches.

HFMD is more common in young children, but it can affect anyone. Doctors may prescribe medicated mouthwash to help relieve symptoms while they treat the virus.

9. Epstein pearls

Parents who notice lumps in a baby’s mouth may be seeing Epstein pearls. These are cysts that commonly appear in newborns.

Epstein pearls are white or yellow and will go away a few weeks after the birth without causing any additional problems.

10. Hyperdontia

Although rare, a bump in the top of the mouth may be an extra tooth. People with hyperdontia grow too many teeth.

In the upper jaw, these extra teeth usually pop up just behind other teeth, but sometimes they can appear further back toward the roof of the mouth.

A person with hyperdontia may experience pain in the area where the extra tooth is growing as well as jaw pain and headaches.

Hyperdontia is treatable, and dentists can usually remove any extra teeth without complications.

11. Squamous papilloma

The human papillomavirus may also cause bumps to develop in the mouth. These growths are noncancerous, painless, and may have a bumpy, cauliflower-like texture.

Although they can be distracting, squamous papillomas often go away without treatment.

12. Oral cancer

Signs of oral cancer can include a sore that does not heal and an oddly shaped patch of tissue.

In rare cases, sores or bumps on the roof of the mouth may be cancerous. Bumps that occur due to oral cancer may be white, gray, or bright red, depending on the underlying cause. They may feel smooth or velvety.

Possible signs of oral cancer include:

  • a lump or sore that does not heal
  • a rapidly growing lump
  • an oddly shaped patch of tissue
  • open, bleeding sores

However, oral cancer is not the most likely cause of a bump on the roof of the mouth. Many people may confuse signs of oral cancer with other issues in the mouth.

It is crucial to give the sores time to heal. If a bump shows no signs of healing after 2 weeks, it is essential to speak to a doctor for a proper diagnosis.

When to see a doctor

While many bumps on the roof of the mouth will resolve without treatment, some may require medical intervention. A person should see a doctor for:

  • very discolored patches in the mouth
  • pain lasting more than a couple of days
  • a foul smell in the mouth
  • pain when chewing or swallowing
  • severe burns
  • dentures, retainers, or other dental devices that no longer fit properly
  • trouble breathing
  • a fast-growing bump
  • a bump that changes shape
  • a bump that does not go away after 2 weeks
  • a bump that interferes with daily life

Anyone who is concerned about a bump on the roof of their mouth should speak to a doctor, who can help determine the underlying cause and recommend treatment if necessary.

 

Source: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/323063.php

 

Should You Switch to a Prebiotic or Probiotic Toothpaste?

 

By: Renee Cherry, Shape Magazine

 

New toothpastes are aimed at keeping your mouth bacteria balanced. Experts pointed out some essential things you need to know to improve your oral health via SHAPE! The Oral Surgery DC Team

 

At this point, it’s old news that probiotics have potential health benefits. Chances are you’re already eating themdrinking themtaking themapplying them topically, or all of the above. If you want to take it a step further, you can also start brushing your teeth with them. Yep, prebiotic and probiotic toothpaste is a thing. Before you roll your eyes or stock up, keep reading.

When you hear “probiotics,” you probably think gut health. That’s because the effect that probiotics have on a person’s gut bacteria and overall health has been extensively researched. Just like with your gut microbiome, it’s beneficial to keep your skin and vaginal microbiomes in balance. Ditto with your mouth. Just like your other microbiomes, it’s home to a variety of bugs. A recent review pointed out studies that have associated the state of the oral microbiome with overall health. Studies have linked an imbalance of mouth bacteria to oral conditions like cavities and oral cancer, but also to diabetes, immune system diseases, and adverse pregnancies. (Read more: 5 Ways Your Teeth Can Impact Your Health) This suggestion that you should also keep your mouth bacteria in balance has led to the development of prebiotic and probiotic toothpaste.

Let’s back up a sec and get a refresher. Probiotics are live bacteria that have been linked with various health benefits, and prebiotics are nondigestible fibers that basically act as a fertilizer for probiotics. People pop probiotics to promote healthy gut bacteria, so these new toothpastes are meant to serve a similar purpose. When you eat a lot of sugary foods and refined carbs, that’s when the bacteria in your mouth take on negative qualities and cause decay. Instead of killing off bacteria like traditional toothpaste, pre- and probiotic toothpastes are aimed at keeping bad bacteria from wreaking havoc. (Related: You Need to Detox Your Mouth and Teeth—Here’s How)

“Research has confirmed over and over again that gut bacteria is key to whole-body health, and it’s no different for the mouth,” says Steven Freeman, D.D.S., owner of Elite Smiles dentistry and author of Why Your Teeth Might Be Killing You. “Almost all the bacteria in your body is supposed to be there. The problem comes when the bad bacteria basically gets out of control, and their bad properties come to light.” So, yes, Freeman recommends switching to a probiotic or prebiotic toothpaste. When you eat sugary foods, the bacteria in the mouth take on negative qualities and can cause both cavities and problems along the gums, he says. But brushing with prebiotic or probiotic toothpaste can prevent these gum issues. An important exception to note: Traditional toothpaste still wins in the cavity-prevention department, says Freeman.

To make things more complex, probiotic and prebiotic toothpastes work a little differently. Prebiotic is the way to go, says Gerald Curatola, D.D.S., biologic dentist and founder at Rejuvenation Dentistry and author of The Mouth Body Connection. Curatola actually created the first prebiotic toothpaste, called Revitin. “Probiotics don’t work in the mouth because the oral microbiome is very inhospitable for foreign bacteria to set up shop,” says Curatola. Prebiotics, on the other hand, can have an effect on your oral microbiome, and “foster balance, nourish, and support a healthy balance of oral bacteria,” he says.

Probiotic and prebiotic toothpastes are part of a larger natural toothpaste movement (along with coconut oil and activated charcoal toothpaste). Plus, people are starting to question some of the ingredients commonly found in traditional toothpaste. Sodium lauryl sulfate, a detergent found in many toothpastes—and enemy number one of the “no shampoo” movement—has raised a red flag. There’s also a huge debate surrounding fluoride, which has led many companies to ditch the ingredient in their toothpaste.

Of course, not everyone’s on board with the bacteria-brushing trend. No prebiotic or probiotic toothpastes have received the American Dental Association Seal of Acceptance. The association only bestows the seal on toothpastes containing fluoride, and maintains that it’s a safe ingredient for removing plaque and preventing tooth decay.

If you decide to make the switch, it’s important to brush well, says Freeman. “Fluoride is very good [at] protecting against cavities and freshening your breath, but primarily speaking, when brushing your teeth, it’s the actual toothbrush going along your teeth and gums that really goes a long way toward fighting the cavities,” he says. So whatever toothpaste you use, there are certain things you should do for the best oral health and smile: Invest in an electric brush, spend a whole two minutes brushing, and position your brush at 45-degree angles toward both sets of gums, he says. Plus, you should continue to get fluoride treatments at the dentist. “That way, it’s going directly onto your teeth and there are fewer additives in topically applied fluoride in a dental office than what you’re going to find in a tube of toothpaste,” says Freeman. Finally, limiting sugary foods and carbonated beverages can also make a difference to your overall oral health.

 

Source: https://www.shape.com/lifestyle/mind-and-body/should-you-switch-prebiotic-or-probiotic-toothpaste

Nature vs. Nurture: Dental Problems Parents Pass Down To Children

 

Parents, in particular, want to know: does DNA predetermine dental health? The Oral Surgery DC Team

 

It’s the classic nature vs. nurture question that dentists get asked often, but the answer doesn’t simply boil down to one or the other. The scary truth is that many dental problems are indeed “inherited”–but not from genetics alone! Harmful habits that run in the family can also play a huge role in the health of your child’s smile. Find out which oral issues you could be passing down, and what you can do about them.

DNA-Driven Dental Issues

Even before birth, the stage has already been set for certain aspects of your child’s oral health. Ultimately, your child’s genes dictate the likelihood for common issues such as:

    • Jaw-related Disorders: The size and position of one’s jaws, as well as overall facial structure, are hereditary traits that can cause a number of bite complications (or “malocclusions”). Overbites or underbites caused by uneven jaws can lead to chewing and speech difficulties, and result in chronic pain and/or Temporomandibular Jaw Disorder (“TMJ”) if left untreated.
    • Tooth Misalignments: Spacing problems, either due to missing or overcrowded teeth, are oral issues that have been hardwired in a person even before the emergence of teeth. Cases where people lack some (“Anodontia”) or all (“Hypodontia”) permanent teeth can threaten gum and jaw health, as can instances of “supernumerary” teeth, in which extra teeth erupt.
    • Weak Tooth Enamel: Though rare, it is possible for tooth enamel to be defective, or develop abnormally. Dentin, which makes up the protective enamel covering of teeth, may not be produced or mineralize at normal levels, leaving teeth vulnerable to decay, sensitivity and damage.
  • Predisposition To Oral Cancer: Genetic mutations and the presence of oncogenes, a type of gene that transforms healthy cells into cancerous ones, can increase the risk for cancer by interfering with the body’s ability to metabolize certain carcinogens.

From serious conditions such as a cleft palate, to occasional aggravations like canker sores, many other oral issues may be linked to genetics. Keeping track and sharing the family’s health history with your child’s dentist can help detect and treat inherited conditions as early as possible.

Behavioral Risks

DNA may deal your child some unavoidable complications, but when it comes to tooth decay and gum disease, learned habits and tendencies shoulder much more of the blame, including:

    • “Oversharing”: Harmful oral bacteria from a loved one can easily colonize and overtake your little one’s mouth from something as simple as sharing food, utensils, or kissing. The inadvertent swapping of saliva can put your child at increased risk for cavities and gingivitis.
    • Diet Choices: Satisfying that sweet tooth with sugary, refined treats, or turning to soda and juice for refreshment can create an unhealthy addiction that’s as dangerous to the mouth as it is to the waist. Sugar and acid can eat away at the tooth enamel, causing cavities and tooth sensitivity. Exposure to certain chemicals and ingredients can also cause discoloration.
  • Bad Hygiene: Last, but certainly not least, lacking a good dental routine can wreak havoc on teeth and gums. Failing to follow through on brushing and flossing twice a day (or as recommended by the dentist) can create a haven for cavities and periodontitis, not to mention halitosis.

Leading by example is an easy, effective way to teach your child the importance of oral health while benefitting the whole family.

Stay One Step Ahead

Every parent wants the best for his or her child–including a healthy smile. With so many potential problems that can be passed down, protecting your child’s oral health is not easy, but you don’t have to do it alone. Seek the help of your child’s dentist for optimal professional and at-home dental care. Treating existing issues early on and teaching your child to make dental-friendly decisions can provide lifelong benefits to his or her health.

 

Source: http://newsletter.lh360.com/article-content/943ba85d-4e54-46f5-a7a8-764c3abc9991.html

What to do when your child has a dental emergency

 

By: Stephanie McGuire, Omaha

 

No parent wants their kids to suffer in any way, but accidents do happen, and children are likely to experience a dental emergency because of their activities on the playground and on the playing field.

So what do you need to do in case your child suffers a dental emergency? MOMAHA.COM shares the essential things to do to spare your child from pain or severe dental damage. Read on! The Oral Surgery DC Team

An adult going through a dental emergency is, in all likelihood, in a world of pain. Can you imagine if something like that happened to your child? No parent wants their kids to suffer in any way, but accidents do happen, and children are likely to experience a dental emergency because of their activities on the playground and on the playing field.

So what do you need to do in case your child suffers a dental emergency? Let’s take a look at some of the more common dental emergencies among kids and find out what you have to do to spare your child from pain or severe dental damage.

1. Broken or fractured teeth. Kids run, jump, and sometimes, play rough. With such activities, children can be prone to breaking or fracturing their teeth with one misstep. If such an accident takes place, find the piece of the tooth that broke off and put it in a glass of cold milk or water. Have your child rinse off his or her mouth with warm water to make sure there are no tiny fragments left inside that may injure your child’s mouth. Of course, you should take your child to the dentist immediately.

2. Knocked-out permanent tooth. Your child could have a permanent tooth knocked out on the playground. Find the tooth as quickly as you, pick it up by the crown and not the roots, and rinse it with cold water. The tooth can still be re-implanted within 30 minutes or so, so make sure you preserve it by soaking it in a cup of cold milk or water while you’re en route to your emergency dentist.

3. A toothache. Toothaches are common, but watching your child cry out in pain is absolutely heartbreaking. To ease your child’s pain, have him or her gargle a warm salt water solution. You may also want to take a closer look inside your child’s mouth to see if there’s an object stuck between teeth or if the gums are swollen. Schedule a visit to the dentist the soonest possible time to find out what’s causing the toothache and relieve it at once.

Whatever dental emergency your child is facing, always remember that your job is to take steps that will provide your child temporary relief. Treating the problem will be entirely up to the dentist, whose office you should bring your child to right away in cases of dental emergencies.

 

Source: https://www.omaha.com/momaha/what-to-do-when-your-child-has-a-dental-emergency/article_dd337e8d-ac99-59b7-8033-c3e0929be740.html

After the Removal of Multiple Teeth

 

By: Orlando Oral Facial Surgery

 

🙂 From the primary operation to its effect, the removal of multiple teeth is quite different from the extraction of just one tooth. Check out these guidelines on what to do after the teeth extraction to prevent any complications from occurring. The Oral Surgery DC Team

 

INSTRUCTIONS FOR AFTER MULTIPLE TOOTH REMOVALS

A small amount of bleeding is to be expected following the operation. If bleeding occurs, place a gauze pad directly over the bleeding socket and apply biting pressure for 30 minutes. If bleeding continues, bite on a moistened black tea bag for thirty minutes. The tannic acid in the black tea helps to form a clot by contracting blood vessels. If bleeding occurs, avoid hot liquids, exercise, and elevate the head. If bleeding persists, call our office immediately. Do not remove the immediate denture unless the bleeding is severe. Expect some oozing around the side of the denture.

Use ice packs (externally) on the cheek near the surgical site. Apply ice for the first 36 hours only. Apply ice continuously while you are awake.

For mild discomfort use aspirin, Tylenol, or any similar medication; two tablets every 3-4 hours. Two to three tablets of Ibuprofen (Advil or Motrin) can be taken every 3-4 hours.

For severe pain, use the prescription given to you. If the pain does not begin to subside after 2 days, or increases after 2 days, please call our office. If an antibiotic has been prescribed, make sure to finish your prescription unless you have an allergic reaction..

Drink plenty of fluids. If many teeth have been extracted, the blood lost at this time needs to be replaced. Drink at least six glasses of liquid the first day.

Do not rinse your mouth for the first post-operative day, or while there is bleeding. After the first day, use a warm salt water rinse every 4 hours and following meals to flush out particles of food and debris that may lodge in the operated area. (One teaspoon of salt in one cup of warm water). After you have seen your dentist for denture adjustment, take out the denture and rinse 3 to 4 times a day.

Restrict your diet to liquids and soft foods that are comfortable for you to eat. As the wounds heal, you will be able to resume your normal diet.

The removal of many teeth at one time is quite different from the extraction of just one or two teeth. Because the bone must be shaped and smoothed prior to the insertion of a denture, the following conditions may occur, all of which are considered normal:

  • The area operated on will swell, reaching a maximum in two days. Swelling and discoloration around the eyes may occur. The application of a moist warm towel will help eliminate the discoloration. The towel should be applied continuously for as long as is tolerable, beginning 36 hours after surgery. (Remember: ice packs are used for the first 36 hours only).
  • A sore throat may develop. The muscles of the throat are near the extraction sites. Swelling into the throat muscles can cause pain. This is normal and should subside in 2-3 days.
  • If the corners of the mouth are stretched, they may dry out and crack. Your lips should be kept moist with an ointment like Vaseline. There may be a slight elevation of temperature for 24-48 hours. If your temperature continues to rise, notify our office.

 

Sources: https://www.oofs.net/patient-information/surgical-instructions/multiple-extractions/

Mystery Solved: The Story on Canker Sores

 

 

Anyone who’s ever had mouth sores can attest to the fact that they are just as embarrassing as they are painful, but simply suffering through them does you no good. Get the facts on this common problem to take control of the situation before another outbreak. The Oral Surgery DC Team

 

Canker sores are quite literally a sensitive issue, but someone has to talk about it! What are canker sores (or “stomatitis”), why do they appear, and what can be done about them? Anyone who’s ever had mouth sores can attest to the fact that they are just as embarrassing as they are painful, but simply suffering through them does you no good. Get the facts on this common problem to take control of the situation before another outbreak.

How to Tell If It’s a Canker Sore

Because they are similar in name and can appear within fairly close proximity of each other, canker sores are often confused with cold sores. An easy way to tell the difference right off the bat is by checking to see if it’s on the inside or outside of your mouth. Cold sores, which are viral and highly contagious in nature, will appear outside of the mouth, on or close to the lip area. Canker sores, on the other hand, are not contagious and emerge along the insides of your cheeks, gums and the roof of your mouth. If you spot an inflammation with a white center and red border inside your mouth, and it causes sensitivity or soreness when talking or eating, it’s most likely a canker sore.

What Causes Canker Sores

Considering that stomatitis is often chronic, those who experience canker sores due to an injury, or eating something overly acidic, might actually consider themselves lucky. Otherwise, recurring flare-ups can be expected, especially if your case is connected to underlying conditions such as:

  • Stress
  • Menstruation
  • HIV & Other Blood Disorders
  • Food Allergies
  • Crohn’s Disease
  • Lupus
  • Genetics
  • Immune Disorders
  • Fatigue
  • Orthodontic Treatment
  • Vitamin Deficiencies
  • Chemotherapy

It is also worth noting that canker sores tend to be more common in teens, young adults and women.

Ways to Ease the Pain

On average, canker sores usually last between 7 and 10 days. While there is no way to rid yourself of a canker sore once it emerges, there are plenty of things you can do to alleviate the discomfort until it heals, such as:

  • Try an over-the-counter gel or painkiller for immediate relief
  • Steer clear of spicy, acidic and/or hot foods to avoid aggravating open sores
  • Rinse with water or mouthwash regularly to keep the sores free of food particles
  • Brush and floss with extra care to prevent unnecessary contact and/or added trauma

Understanding what caused the outbreak can also help you take preventative measures to minimize the chance of future flare-ups. If sores are food or allergy related, for example, simply steering clear of triggers can keep stomatitis at bay.

When Professional Care is Necessary

If painful sores persist past the ten-day period, are over a half-inch wide, and/or are accompanied by other symptoms such as diarrhea, joint pain, rashes or fever, see a dentist as soon as possible. Depending on the severity of your situation, he or she may prescribe medication, surgery, or recommend diagnostic tests. Even if your symptoms are mild, a dental exam can help rule out serious health concerns that could be causing the problem, and give you peace of mind.

 

Sources: http://newsletter.lh360.com/article-content/ba31d7f4-eca4-486f-9905-4a780cf2afc2.html